Complete guide: The Possessive Adjectives
Hello! Bonjour !
I'm happy to welcome you back today, for this is already the third part of our new determiners series. Today, we'll see a little twist with things getting interesting (it's still grammar, I know!).
1) Gender and Number:
In French grammar, any adjective has to take the mark of gender and number. You already know how French works and that "the" is translated by "le" "la" or "les" depending on the gender of the qualified object.
List of Possessive Adjectives:
My = Mon, ma, mes
Your = Ton, ta, tes
His / her = Son, sa, ses
Our = Notre, notre, nos
Your = Votre, votre, vos
Their = leur, leur, leurs
2) Gender "matching":
My previous ramble about gender marks will make more sense now: In English, the possessive adjective (let's call it it P.A. now, shall we?) is masculine if the owner (possesseur) of said object is male, right? Well, in French, the gender of the PA depends on the gender of the qualified object.
a dog = un chien, une chienne
My dog = mon chien (if male) ma chienne (if female).
Still following? Well there's more.
Her dog = Female owner, male dog => son chien
Her dog = Female owner, female dog => sa chienne
His dog => Male owner, male dog => son chien
His dog => Male owner, female owner => sa chienne
Still clear? Good! It takes some practice, but you'll be fine. This little rule is much easier to understand if you are already familiar with German, Spanish, Italian or others since they do have similar functions. And if it makes you feel better, I've been through the exact opposite when learning English!
Alright folks, that's it for today! This lesson was the third of the series on The determiners. Here are part one and part two. Leave your comments below!
PS: Would you do me a favor and share these around?
Merci ! ^^